Chichen Itza
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Chichen Itza

Chichen Itza Mexico
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Chichen itza history, map, information
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Chichen Viejo Chichen Viejo
Chichen Nuevo Chichen Nuevo
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Great North Platform
El Castillo El Castillo
Great Ball Court Great Ball Court
Tzompantli Tzompantli
Eagles and the Jaguars Eagles and the Jaguars
Platform of Venus Platform of Venus
Sacbe Number One Sacbe Number One
Cenote Sagrado Cenote Sagrado
Temple of the Tables Temple of the Tables
Temple of the Warriors Temple of the Warriors
Thousand Columns Thousand Columns
Steam Bath Steam Bath
El Mercado El Mercado
Ossario Group
Ossario Ossario
Central Group
Las Monjas Las Monjas
El Caracol El Caracol
Akab Dzib Akab Dzib

MAYA CIVILIZATION
Mayan Calendars
Maya Calendric System Maya Calendric System
HAAB Calendar HAAB Calendar
TZOLK’IN Calendar TZOLK’IN Calendar
Venus Cycle Venus Cycle
The Long Count The Long Count
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Mayan Numerals Mayan Numerals
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2012
2012 - MYSTERY OF MAYAN 2012 - MYSTERY OF MAYAN
21 December 2012 21 December 2012
Why 21st December Why 21st December
After 21 December 2012 After 21 December 2012
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Founding Chichen Itza
 

 
The history of Chichen Itza as with many aspects of Mayan history is obscure: Written records are scarce.
In the historical records which is exist, dates that were several years apart were often given the same name, due to the organization of the old Mayan calendar.
Roughly all sources agree that from approximately 550 AD to 800 AD, Chichen Itza existed mainly as a ceremonial center for the Maya civilization.
The area was then largely abandoned for about a hundred years (no one knows reason ), to be resettled around 900 AD again. Shortly before 1000 AD, it was invaded by a people from the north ( the Toltecs ).
The Toltecs had settled near modern-day Mexico City at Tula, around 900 AD under the rule of a king Topiltzin. Topiltzin also took the name of “Feathered Serpent,” or Quetzalcoatl, the name of an Aztec god.
A rival warrior faction forced Topiltzin Quetzalcoatl and also his followers out of Tula around 987 AD.
Mayan historical sources mention that a man who called himself Kukulkan arrived in Chichen Itza from the west (Kukul means “feathered” and kan means “serpent”) in the period that ended in 987 AD. A strong case has been made that Kukulkan and Topiltzin Quetzalcoatl were most likely the same person, and that he brought the Toltec practices and beliefs to Chichen Itza, including the practice of human sacrifice.
The Toltecs were somewhat open to new ideas, however, at Chichen Itza incorporating some beliefs held by the Maya already.

• The city is divided into two different principal areas: Chichen Viejo (Old Chichen) and Chichen Nuevo (New Chichen).
 
 
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